NQ Scottish History


In 1707 Scotland and England became one country when their parliaments were incorporated together by the Act of Union. The Treaty of Union had been negotiated between the two countries in 1706 and was passed in both Edinburgh and London the next year. Scotland and England already shared a monarch after the Union of the Crowns in 1603.

The period surrounding the Treaty of Union can best be understood by investigating the worsening relations between Scotland and England towards the end of the 17th century and examining the arguments put forward in Scotland during this time both in favour of and against union with England. This includes the debate over whether any union should be incorporating, meaning that there would be one British parliament, or federal, meaning that both parliaments would be preserved.

The passage of the Treaty of Union through parliament in Edinburgh in order to become the Act of Union provides crucial evidence of the reasons as to why commissioners eventually voted to accept the treaty. The social and economic changes in Scotland after 1707 reveal some of the effects of union.

  • Image of part of the Lyte Jewel showing a portrait of King James I of England (VI of Scotland).

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Union of the Crowns and after