NQ Scottish History

John Balliol and Edward I

The inauguration of John Balliol in 1292, over whom Edward I had great influence, led to a great deal of unrest as Edward repeatedly humiliated the new king of Scotland. When Edward demanded that King John join him in his war with France in 1294, the Scots king rebelled, not only by refusing to supply military service to Edward, but also by making a treaty with France: should England attack France, Scotland would in turn march on England.

Edward invaded Scotland. The Battle at Dunbar was decisively won by the English. King John was forced to withdraw from the treaty with France. He was then stripped of his robes of kingship and publicly humiliated by Edward. Most of the Scottish nobles signed the ‘Ragman’s Roll’ later that year.

  • Depiction of King John Balliol

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Key figures

Historical debate

Primary sources