Scotlands History

Roman gods and goddesses

Roman soldiers brought their own religions to Britain, worshipping the gods of Rome, Greece and Persia. Small shrines were built outside forts, and statues of Mars, the God of War and Minerva, the Goddess of Wisdom - both popular with soldiers - were placed in them.

Followers of Mithras and the Mithraic religion from ancient Iran had to pass seven hardship tests – after each one, further mysteries were revealed.  The distance-slabs along the Antonine Wall show Roman gods and goddesses – Mars and the Winged Victory.

Some native Celtic gods, like Britannia, were also adopted, and the Celtic peoples of Britain had their own shrines beside wells, streams and burial grounds. By the 4th century AD the old gods were gradually ousted by Christianity, which eventually became the official religion of the Roman Empire.


  • A photograph of the statue of the Celtic goddess Brigantia

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Roman slow dance - lyre and wooden flute

Listen to a Roman slow dance played on a lyre and wooden flute.