Scotlands History

Brochs

Between about 100 BC and AD 100, the ancestors of the Picts were building these great circular stone towers in the north of Scotland.

Their design is peculiar to Scotland, and they were usually built around the coasts: Dun Carloway (Lewis), Gurness and Midhowe (Orkney), and Mousa (Shetland - the best preserved broch); some are on a little inland (Glenelg).

Brochs rose to a height of 12 or 13 metres, they had no windows, and their stone slabs were expertly fitted together without use of mortar. There was one small entrance at the foot of the tower.

  • A photograph of Mousa Broch on Shetland

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