Scotlands History

The Victoria Colliery

Named after ‘Lady Vic’, wife of owner the Marquess of Lothian, this showpiece colliery of Victorian times was sited at Newtongrange, Midlothian, outside Edinburgh. It was part of the mining empire of the Lothian Coal Company and opened in the 1890s.

The Lady Victoria Colliery produced 40 million tons of coal during its working life, helped by new techniques such as steel pit props, electricity for power and light, and a massive winding engine. It finally closed in 1981.

Now the Lady Victoria Colliery is the Scottish Mining Museum. It has a recreated underground roadway and coalface, a hands-on Operations Centre, the Story of Coal, and a comprehensive reference library covering the history of the coal mining industry in Scotland.

  • photograph of pit head workings at the former Lady Victoria coal mine

Click on the image to view a larger version.