Scotlands History

Kingdom of Alba

Generally the ‘Kingdom of Alba’ refers to what would become Scotland between 900 (the death of Constantin II) and 1286 (Alexander III’s death); immediately before the Scottish Wars of Independence. 

In that period the geographical spread of the kingdom expanded to include the Lothians, Strathclyde and Moray.

The period is marked by many conflicts and struggles. The ownership of the land and the make-up of the nobility remained predominantly Gaelic although towards the end the structure and culture of the royal court more closely resembled French and English houses than the Gaelic kingdoms of Ireland.

  • Photo of Loch Avon with hills in the background

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