Scotlands History

The Stone of Scone

In 1296 Edward’s troops raided Scone Abbey in Perthshire. They were searching for the Stone of Scone – a symbol of Scots’ sovereignty - the coronation seat of Scots kings.

Edward took a personal interest in relics and symbols of nationhood. When he conquered Wales in 1282-3 Edward had the ‘crown of King Arthur’ and other Welsh relics and treasures sent to Westminster in London.

When Edward conquered the Scots in 1296, he took Scotland’s holiest relic - the Black Rood - a piece of the True Cross that had belonged to Saint Margaret. His army ransacked Scone Abbey, recovered the Stone and carried it to England.

Edward had a special chair built to house the Stone in Westminster Abbey. The Coronation Chair, also called St Edward's Chair or King Edward's Chair, was named for Edward the Confessor. A carpenter called ‘Master Walter’ carved the chair from English oak. He was paid 100 shillings.

For hundreds of years kings and queens of England and later Britain have been crowned on the Coronation Chair - sitting above the Coronation Stone. The Stone, a large block of red Perthshire sandstone, is now on display in Edinburgh Castle.  

  • Image of The Stone of Destiny
  • Black and white photo of an old throne with a rectangular stone under the seat

Click on the image to view a larger version.