Scotlands History\|Scots and Canada

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Scots and Canada

In the 2006 Canadian Census an incredible 4.7 million Canadians said that they were of Scottish origin. At the time, the entire population of Scotland was just under 5.2 million.

So, why are there so many people descended from Scots living in Canada today?

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Pay the Piper - The Simon Fraser University Pipe Band

Why was there a mass emigration of Scots to the wild and unexplored shores of Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries, and why did the number of emigrants continue to rise until the middle of the 20th century?

The story of the Scots in Canada is a tale of adventure and heroism, of explorers, traders and settlers who carved a life in the inhospitable wilderness. It is a story of dangerous journeys and terrible loss, of triumph against the odds, and of hope as the Scots fought to hold on to their native culture and language.

Learning and Teaching Scotland would like to thank the staff of the Centre for Scottish Studies at Simon Fraser University for their kind support during the creation of this resource.

Photograph credits

The images used above are licensed under Creative Commons on Flickr by the following photographers: hiro008, meironke, NailaJ and Studiolit.

Other images are courtesy of Glenbow Museum (Mrs Emily Florence Magrath with grandchildren), National Galleries of Scotland (John Rae), Wikimedia Commons and the image of the Red Crow shirt is © Trustees of the British Museum.